Tuesday, March 20, 2018

NI1 - Revision of modals

In lesson 10C there is a new modal MIGHT but we're going to revise all of them to practise for the exam and to have them clearer.

First of all remember a modal is a verb used to say something in a determinate way (modal is Spanish means modo de decir as well). Then you should pay attention to the grammar characteristic: is it an auxiliary or not?. This means that not all the modals are auxiliaries:
  • You don't have to wear a uniform at work but you can't wear tra CAN iners
As you can see HAVE TO needs an axiliary for the negative form whiledoesn't need it because it's itself an auxiliary. If you want to know more about their characteristics you can go to this link.

To finish with, keep in mind there are few of them which use infinitive with TO: HAVE TO, OUGHT TO and USED TO; the rest use bare infinitive, that is, without TO.

Here you are some links about grammar to help you with MODALS:
  • this is a list of modals and their use: click here
  • this is another list:
    • can – ability, permission, possibility, request
    • could – ability, permission, possibility, request, suggestion
    • may – permission, probability, request
    • might – possibility, probability, suggestion
    • must – deduction, necessity, obligation, prohibition
    • shall – decision, offer, question, suggestion
    • should – advice, necessity, prediction, recommendation
    • will – decision, intention, offer, prediction, promise, suggestion
    • would – habit, invitation, permission, preference, request, question, suggestion

Tuesday, March 6, 2018

NI1 - Unit 9A - Animals: vocabulary and 2nd conditional

If you want to know how to say your favourite animal in English you can go to this link

Remember there is a good exercise for speaking on the textbook (p. 69) with this topic and the use of second conditional. Here you are some examples and you can use other tenses as well:
  • If you were an animal what animal would you be?
  • If you went on a safari, what animals would you like to meet or take a photo?
  • If you wanted to have a pet at home what would you like to have?
  • Are you alergic to any insects? Have you ever been stung by an insect? Have you been bitten by an animal?
Many people think that animals are connected to personality so here you are a link for Chinese zodiac; have a look and see if you agree with the description: click here

The other typical problem is animals in danger of extintion: lynx, whale, polar bear, bees, panda bear, tiger, rhino...

Some animals are representative of a party or a group: an article about Donkeys and Elephants or the Black Panther Party.