Tuesday, March 20, 2018

NI1 - Revision of modals

In lesson 10C there is a new modal MIGHT but we're going to revise all of them to practise for the exam and to have them clearer.

First of all remember a modal is a verb used to say something in a determinate way (modal is Spanish means modo de decir as well). Then you should pay attention to the grammar characteristic: is it an auxiliary or not?. This means that not all the modals are auxiliaries:
  • You don't have to wear a uniform at work but you can't wear tra CAN iners
As you can see HAVE TO needs an axiliary for the negative form whiledoesn't need it because it's itself an auxiliary. If you want to know more about their characteristics you can go to this link.

To finish with, keep in mind there are few of them which use infinitive with TO: HAVE TO, OUGHT TO and USED TO; the rest use bare infinitive, that is, without TO.

Here you are some links about grammar to help you with MODALS:
  • this is a list of modals and their use: click here
  • this is another list:
    • can – ability, permission, possibility, request
    • could – ability, permission, possibility, request, suggestion
    • may – permission, probability, request
    • might – possibility, probability, suggestion
    • must – deduction, necessity, obligation, prohibition
    • shall – decision, offer, question, suggestion
    • should – advice, necessity, prediction, recommendation
    • will – decision, intention, offer, prediction, promise, suggestion
    • would – habit, invitation, permission, preference, request, question, suggestion


That's English! - Module 8 - Unit 7: The Internet

The Internet is one of the great revolutions of the end of the 20th century. Nowadays most people can't manage without the Internet: they use it for work, for pleasure, for communication, for social contacts, for business...
Let's start with the general questions. Think about these questions and discuss with your mate:
  • Do you often use the Internet? What for? What did you use to do when you didn't have it?
  • What are the main uses of the Internet? Give reasons or examples for your answer
  • What are your favourite websites? Why do you like them? Have you used them for long?
  • Do you use social networks?Why/why not?  Do you think it does more harm tan good or the other way round? What about your personal experience?
Activity 1
Go to page 72 , exercise 11 on your textbook and do the activity in pairs. When you finish, do it again but swap roles with your partner.

Activity 2
This listening exercise is about new inventions and technology. Do the exercise and use what you've heard to apply it to this topic. 

Activity 3; 
On page 75 there is an activity (exercise 5) with this question: What would happen if the Internet ever collapse?  What could you do? Have you ever had such experience? What did you do?

Activity 4
This lesson works with reporting commands and requests. The structure is:
  • reported verb (tell/ask/advise/want...) + object + infinitive with TO
Think about posible situations or sentences to work with this structure; e.g. I asked her to be quiet because the baby was sleeping; I want you to tell me the truth; she advised me not to do it again. Here you are an exercise: click here



Tuesday, March 13, 2018

That's English! - Module 8 - Unit 6: At Work

General questions are here. Go through them and disc uss with your partner about this topic:
  • Do you like your job? What do you like most? And the least?
  • Have you ever had a problem with your boss?  What was it like?  
  • What would you like to change at work if you could?
  • Do you remember your first day at work?  What was it like?
  • When you studied for your profession you expected to find a job. Were your expectations fulfilled or not?
Activity 1

Work with your partner and discuss what are the most relevant things to get into account when you start a job. Here you are some suggestions:
    • job satisfacction
    • earning a good salary
    • possibilities for promotion
    • personal satisfacction
    • meeting people or/and new places
Activity 2

This is a listening exercise about motivation. Do you think this is very important for work? In what way? Have you ever thought about this topic? What would you do to improve motivation at your work? Discuss this with your partner.

Activity 3

Have you ever had a problem at work? What was it like? How did you solve it? Discuss with your partner about this and then let's listen to this other podcast about complaining at work. Think about the suggestions of the HR manager and say your opinion.

Activity 4

If you want to go further with this topic about problems at work, here you have a video. It's quite easy so it's suitable for revision rather than for enlarging your vocabulary, although you have some new words to learn.

Activity 5

Imagine that a friend of yours is a workaholic. Discuss with your partner about his/her symptoms and possible solutions for this problem.

Grammar

There is an important grammar point in this lesson: reported speech. I guess you  ve seen it many times and there are many exercises to practise with it, as you can see below. Nevertheless, we'll try to work with it in conversation because it's something very common when you're speaking.
Work with your partner on these situations and try to use reported speech:
  • Yesterday you phoned your best friend to tell her an argument with your partner.
  • A friend of yours has told you a big problem she has. Now explain it to another mutual friend.
  • You had a problem with your boss last week. Explain to your mate the conversation you had
  • Last Monday you went to the doctor's. Tell your partner what you were asked and told
  • Your mother called you yesterday to speak about a personal problem. Tell your siblings what she told you and your answers

Exercises for Reported Speech

These are pages to work with this grammar point. Most are lists of exercises so you have plenty of them to practise.
  • this is a list of exercises
  • an exercise with direct into indirect speech; click here
  • another list of exercises and a link to a grammar explanation; click here
  • this is a similar one but it has a list of common mistakes at the end; click here
Job interviews videos:
  • This is a video with tips about questions and answers: click here
  • This one is very funny: a video of Ted








Tuesday, March 6, 2018

That's English! - Module 8 - Unit 5: The Music Industry

This a really amusing topic and we'll stat with our general questions, as usual:
  • What kind of music do you prefer? Why? Is there a kind of music you can't stand?
  • When and where do you usually listen to music? Compare your answer with your partner and try to see if you agree or you don't
  • Can you play any intruments? If so, when did you start? How well do you play? Do you practise very often? If not why not? Would you like to play an instrument? Why?
  • Have you ever been to a concert? When was it? What was it like? Explain your experience
  • Do you give any money to buskers (musicos callejeros) ? Give reasons for your answer 
  • Should music be used for political purposes like protest songs? Give reasons for your answer and think of examples in your country or in other places.

Activity 1

Here you are a listening exercise about Reading Festival. You can have a look and revise the vocabulary and to get some ideas to discuss with your partner. Click here

Activity 2

Listen to this radio programme and do the listening exercise: click here. Then discuss with your mate if you think that radio is dead or it's still alive; if you usually listen to the radio or if you buy music.

Activity 3

If you want to listen to some more audios about music you might like to see this about music in New Orleans: click here

Activity 4

Discuss with your partner about these statements and say if you agree or not. Give reasons for your answers.
  • Downloading music shouldn't be penalised; it should be free
  • Music is just a matter of business and marketing not quality
  • Learning how to play a musical instrument should be compulsory at schools
  • Music and politics shouldn't be mixed

If you are interested in this topic here you are an article or an audio (you can use it as you like) about music and politics in the USA. Click here

NI1 - Unit 9A - Animals: vocabulary and 2nd conditional

If you want to know how to say your favourite animal in English you can go to this link

Remember there is a good exercise for speaking on the textbook (p. 69) with this topic and the use of second conditional. Here you are some examples and you can use other tenses as well:
  • If you were an animal what animal would you be?
  • If you went on a safari, what animals would you like to meet or take a photo?
  • If you wanted to have a pet at home what would you like to have?
  • Are you alergic to any insects? Have you ever been stung by an insect? Have you been bitten by an animal?
Many people think that animals are connected to personality so here you are a link for Chinese zodiac; have a look and see if you agree with the description: click here

The other typical problem is animals in danger of extintion: lynx, whale, polar bear, bees, panda bear, tiger, rhino...

Some animals are representative of a party or a group: an article about Donkeys and Elephants or the Black Panther Party.